IoT-Enabled Healthcare Monitoring: A Systematic Review of Wearable Devices

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Himani Sivaraman


The Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized various aspects of our daily lives, particularly in the healthcare sector. The integration of IoT with wearable devices has opened up new possibilities for healthcare monitoring, enabling the continuous tracking of patients' physiological parameters and promoting personalized medical care. This systematic review examines the current landscape of IoT-enabled wearable devices for healthcare monitoring, their potential applications, and the associated challenges. We conducted a thorough literature search to identify the most relevant and recent studies on IoT-enabled wearable devices for healthcare monitoring. Several devices were discussed, including smartwatches, fitness trackers, wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) monitors, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and smart patches for vital sign monitoring. These wearables offer numerous advantages, such as real-time monitoring, improved patient adherence, early detection of potential health issues, and enhanced patient-physician communication. The review also explores the potential drawbacks and challenges of implementing IoT-enabled wearable devices in healthcare, such as data privacy concerns, device interoperability, and the need for standardized data collection and analysis methods. Moreover, we discuss potential solutions and future research directions to overcome these challenges and promote the widespread adoption of IoT-enabled wearables for healthcare monitoring. In conclusion, IoT-enabled wearable devices have the potential to transform the healthcare sector by facilitating remote patient monitoring, improving treatment outcomes, and reducing healthcare costs. However, addressing the existing challenges and incorporating user feedback in the design and development process is essential for the successful integration of IoT-enabled wearables into the healthcare ecosystem.

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